The dreadful deal behind the most expensive power plant


I den brittiska tidningen The Guardian finns en artikel om kärnkraftverket Hinkley Point C som franska EDF nu börjat bygga.

Den är intressant på många sätt. Det är t.ex samma typ av anläggning kallad EPR som våra grannar i Finland bygger – Olkilouto 3 – som nu är nio år försenad och blir väldigt, väldigt dyr.

Priset på elström från Hinkley blir högt – just nu ca £100 per MWh vilket motsvarar 1 kr per kWh – och räknas hela tiden upp med inflationen vilket kan bli extra kännbart efter Brexit som ökat den:

Given its commitment to building Hinkley Point C, the government had no choice but to make EDF an offer that was too good to resist. It offered to guarantee EDF a fixed price for each unit of energy produced at Hinkley for its first 35 years of operation. In 2012, the guaranteed price – known as the “strike price” – was set at £92.50 per megawatt hour (MWh), which would then rise with inflation.

One of the most serious concerns in the EU’s assessment was over the calculations for the “gap” between the wholesale energy price and the strike price. That gap is currently around £50.

Men så hade EDF goda kontakter när garantipriset förhandlades fram:

In short, a division of a company employed by EDF was advising the UK government how much to pay EDF. The Department of Energy & Climate Change first identified the potential conflict of interest in 2012, but it wasn’t until August 2015 that the department sent a letter to LeighFisher asking the company to ensure “organisational separation” on the project. The government also requested monthly updates on the arrangements, but the NAO says it did not receive these. In October 2015, two years after the strike price was agreed, LeighFisher signed the agreement for organisational separation, which included “ethical wall arrangements”.

Projektet är redan försenat och fördyrat:

There had been a storm the night before my visit, and the site was a series of muddy puddles. As the bus made its way around, it became increasingly clear that the development was nowhere near where it was projected to be. “To be honest, it is just a lot of earth at the moment,” said one of the tour guides, staring out of the window. (“EDF was saying we would be cooking our Christmas turkeys on Hinkley electricity this year, and now they are clinging on to the 2025 dates,” says Prof MacKerron. A few days before my visit to Hinkley Point, EDF had admitted it was at least £1.5bn over budget, and that the project could be completed 15 months behind schedule.)

Men man tänker förstås på fladdermössen t.ex barbastellerna:

Some of the logistical difficulties involved in building Hinkley Point C are so elaborate that they resemble satire. This part of Somerset is home to a flourishing population of at least eight different sorts of bat, including one of the last remaining colonies of barbastelle bats, which are protected by strict wildlife laws. EDF were given permission to cut down the trees that are home to the bats, only on the condition that they would be replaced by movable trees in huge boxes. Every morning, the “bat trees” are dragged out of the way for construction work, and every night they are moved back so the bats can find their specially built house.

Portabla fladdermusträd – genialiskt! Tyvärr fungerade det inte och en miljöfond fick istället försöka rädda djuren.

Sven Nordblad

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